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Nebo Hill

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  • Nebo Hill

    Nebo Hill
    Time Period : 2000 B.C. to 1500 B.C.
    Location : Missouri, Illinois -and- Kansas.
    Shape : Lanceolate
    A large size, narrow, thick, lanceolate blade with convex sides that gently taper to the base. On some examples, the basal area is determined by the presence of slight shoulders. Collateral flaking does occur on some examples

  • #2
    Nebo Hill Phase
    Posted by [11KBP]

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    The Nebo Hill phase was first defined in 1948 by J. Met Shippee on the basis of surface collections recovered from the Nebo Hill type site (23CL11) and three related upland sites in southern Clay County Missouri.

    Distribution: The core area of Nebo Hill Lanceolate points is primarily within the prairie regions of northwestern Missouri but examples have been found on the edges of the bordering states of Kansas, Nebraska and Iowa. Sites in the core area are usually located on bluff tops and along river terraces.

    Age: The most reliable radiocarbon date is from the 1975-1976 type site excavations which produced a date of 3555 + 65 B.P. (Late Archaic).

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    Type description (R.T. Bray 1963):
    The diagnostic artifact is a lanceolate projectile point which is straight-based, long, narrow and thick with a diamond-shaped or nearly oval cross section. The broadest and thickest part is often forward of center and flaking is irregular with no basal thinning or grinding.

    Type description (K.C. Reid 1984):
    Nebo Hill points have a narrow lanceolate form, base morphology varies from straight to incurvate to excurvate, with the former sometimes formed by the striking platform remnant of the original flake blank; grinding of the haft margins or base is rare; cross sections vary from planoconvex to lenticular to biconvex; facial flaking varies from collateral to selective non-patterned.

    These forms may reflect two different hafting techniques. Lanceolate points with straight-sided stems can be mounted in a split haft without difficulty, but experiments suggest that those with convergent stems are more securely mounted in a socketed haft (Frison, 1978).

    Nebo Hill and Late Archaic Prehistory on the Southern Prairie Peninsula (K.C. Reid 1984).
    Archaic Prehistory on the Prairie-Plain Border (A. E. Johnson 1980).
    Plains Anthropologist (R.T. Bray 1963).
    Prehistoric Hunters of the High Plains (G.C. Frison, 1978).
    I keep six honest serving-men (they taught me all I knew); Their names are What and Why and When and How and Where and Who.