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Glass Points of California Indians (19th Century)

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  • Glass Points of California Indians (19th Century)

    Extract from:
    Glass Points of the California Indians
    C. J. O'Neill, Monroe, North Carolina
    Originally published in the Central States Archaeological Journal, Vol.55, No.3, pg.128

    Protracted contacts with white settlers in the 19th Century in what is now California offer a boon today for those interested in historic Indian relics. While the contacts proved disastrous in virtually every way to groups of American Indians such as the Wintus and Wiyots, for a relatively brief period it gave them a ready supply of bottle glass that augmented the native use of volcanic glass (obsidian) and other natural stones for their arrow, knife and harpoon points. Small groups of bottle glass Wintu and Wiyot points today reflect a surprising array of colors.

    The Wintu lived primarily on the western side of the northern part of the Sacramento Valley, from the Sacramento River to the coast range. The land of the Wintu also included the southern portions of the Upper Sacramento River, the southern portion of the McCloud River, and the upper Trinity River. They also lived in the vicinity of Chico, on the west side of the river to the coast range.

    C.J. O'Neill's full article, with details of the oppression of the Wintu & Wiyat can be found here:

    Used by permission of the publisher
    To learn more about or to join the Central States Archaeological Society, click here:
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