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Native American Graves Protection & Repatriation Act (NAGPRA)

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  • Native American Graves Protection & Repatriation Act (NAGPRA)

    All information has been supplied in good faith but users should not regard it as authoritative, or assume that there have been no subsequent changes.

    Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA)

    NAGPRA was enacted as US federal law on 16 November 1990. In essence, it:

    - Requires agencies and institutions (apart from the Smithsonian) that receive federal funding to return Native American “cultural items” to the descendants of the Indian tribes to whom they belong.

    - Has a scope that covers human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, and objects of cultural heritage.

    - Establishes procedures for the inadvertent discovery or planned excavation of Native American cultural items on federal or tribal lands.

    - Does not apply to discoveries or excavations on private or state lands (except by institutions that receive federal funding).

    - Makes it a criminal offense to traffic in Native American human remains or cultural items (those in violation of the Act) with maximum penalties up to a year in prison and a $100,000 fine for first offenders.

    There’s a summary in the Wikipedia entry here:

    National NAGPRA has developed answers to the most frequently asked questions regarding NAGPRA and its implementing regulations. These are hosted on the National Park Service (NPS) US Department of the Interior website here:

    [compiled by painshill]
    Last edited by painshill; 01-31-2016, 09:08 AM.
    Look to the ground for it holds the past!